Alcazar de los reyes catolicos cordoba

Alcazar de los reyes catolicos cordoba

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In one of the access galleries there is a pagan sarcophagus from the first quarter of the 3rd century. In its front it shows a high relief on an allegory of the passage of the deceased to the afterlife through a half-open door.

Of the two courtyards, the Mudejar courtyard stands out for its beauty. Tiled in marble, the murmur of the water running through the canals and pools refreshes the atmosphere and relaxes the weary visitor. The extensive gardens that close the complex show the monumentality and splendor of this Alcazar of Cordoba.

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The tower called the Tower of the Inquisition, also known as the Tower of the Gardens, located to the southwest and with a circular floor plan, is later than all the other towers of the Alcazar of Cordoba.  The former chapel of the Inquisition was transformed in the middle of the last century into the Hall of the Mosaics, so called because its walls were decorated with lavish Roman mosaics rescued from the subway areas of the Plaza de la Corredera. Today it is used as a hall for the most solemn municipal celebrations.

The extensive gardens of the Alcázar, formerly the Huerta del Alcázar, were transformed into magnificent gardens with a variety of species surrounding fountains and ponds. Within the gardens we can highlight the so-called Paseo de los Reyes, where are the statues of all the kings who have been linked to the Alcazar.

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The Alcazar of Cordoba, fortress and palace of solid walls, encloses in its interior a great part of the architectural evolution of Cordoba. Roman and Visigoth remains coexist with those of Arab origin in this majestic site, as it was the favorite place of the various rulers of the city.

The three towers are connected to each other by parapets protected by battlements or prisms of stone ashlars and intermediate openings. Of the fourth tower there is no more reference than that provided by old engravings. It was originally called Torre de la Paloma or Torre de la Vela.

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Se trata de un edificio de carácter militar cuya construcción fue ordenada por el rey Alfonso XI de Castilla en el año 1328, sobre construcciones anteriores (el Alcázar Omeya de época islámica, también la anterior residencia del Gobernador Romano y la Aduana). El conjunto arquitectónico tiene un carácter sobrio en su exterior y espléndido en su interior, con los magníficos jardines y patios que mantienen una inspiración mudéjar.

En 1236, las fuerzas cristianas tomaron Córdoba durante la Reconquista. En 1328, Alfonso XI de Castilla comenzó a construir la estructura actual en parte del emplazamiento de la antigua fortaleza[9]. Otras partes del Alcázar árabe habían sido entregadas como botín al obispo, a los nobles y a la Orden de Calatrava[5]. La estructura de Alfonso conservó sólo parte de las ruinas árabes, pero la estructura parece islámica debido al uso que hizo Alfonso del estilo mudéjar.

El Alcázar participó en la guerra civil en la que Enrique IV de Castilla se enfrentó a una rebelión que apoyaba a su hermanastro adolescente Alfonso. Durante la guerra, las defensas del Alcázar se mejoraron para hacer frente a la llegada de la pólvora. Al mismo tiempo, se construyó la torre principal del Alcázar, hoy conocida como «Torre de la Inquisición»[5].